Science

Classes in the OHS Science Park

Teachers: 
Mrs. S. Smith
Mrs. K. Pohl
Mr. K. Naidoo
Mrs. L. Clendinning
Mrs. A. Dezall
Mmm. M. Hillier
Mr. K. Lorenz
Mrs. L. Clark

Science 9

Grade Nine Science is a general science program that builds upon the knowledge gained in middle school . It emphasizes scientific inquiry into the nature of science, science and technology, and societal issues in science. These themes are used to explore the central topics of the course, which include: biological diversity, matter and chemical change, environmental chemistry, electrical principles and technologies, and space exploration.

Science 10                      5 credits

This academic science course is designed to be a foundation for the Biology, Physics, and Chemistry courses in grades 11 and 12.  Many concepts learned in Science 10 are vital as background for success at the next level.

  • Unit A: The Fundamentals of Chemistry
    Atomic theory and molecular nomenclature are studied in combination with historical development, lab applications, and mathematical problem solving.
  • Unit B: The Fundamentals of Physics
    An in depth study of motion and types of energy are studied in combination with historical development, technological applications and problem solving skills.
  • Unit C: The Fundamentals of Biology
    A close look at cellular biology includes microscope work and the connection of cell physiology to a plant system’s anatomy and physiology.
  • Unit D: The Fundamentals of the Biosphere
    This unit focuses on the Earth as a whole system involved in energy transfer with reference to climatic patterns and humans influencing climate change. Science 10 is a prerequisite for all the 20 level science courses.  It is strongly suggested that students have a 65% minimum in BOTH Science 9 and Math 9 for success in Science 10.

Science 14            5 credits

Each unit of study in the Science 14 course emphasizes and identifies an area of context for study.

  • Unit A, Investigating Properties of Matter, will have a Nature of Science emphasis.  In this unit, student attention is focused on the processes by which scientific knowledge is developed and tested, and on the scientific knowledge itself.  Skills emphasized in these units are the skills of scientific inquiry.
  • Unit B, Energy Transfer Technologies,and Unit C, from Life to Lifestyle, will have a Science and Technology emphasize.  In these units, students seek solutions to practical problems by developing and testing prototypes, products and techniques to meet a given need.  The skills emphasized are those of problem solving, in combination with the skills of scientific inquiry.
  • Unit D, Matter and Energy in the Biosphere, will have a Social and Environmental Context emphasis.  In this unit, student attention is focused on issues and decisions; students seek and analyze information and consider a variety of perspectives.

Biology 20                        5 credits

Biology 20 is an academic course focused on the study of living things. A significant portion of the course includes a detailed study of the circulatory, respiratory, excretory, immune and digestive systems. The second unit, biochemistry, involves the concepts of photosynthesis and cellular respiration in a very thorough way. The last unit is ecology, and will include the topics of biogeochemical cycles, biomes, biodiversity and evolutionary forces.

Chemistry 20                    5 credits

Students will build on knowledge obtained in the Chemistry unit of Science 10 throughout this course. Three major outcomes will carry on throughout the 4 units of the Chemistry 20 course:

  1. Use atomic theory and the periodic table to classify, describe explain, and predict the properties of elements.
  2. Use atomic, ionic, and bonding theories to describe, explain, and predict the properties and chemical formulas for compounds.
  3. Use reaction generalizations to describe explain, and predict chemical reactions.
  • Unit A: The Diversity of Matter and Chemical bonding – Students will describe the role of modeling, evidence, and theory used in explaining and understanding the structure, chemical bonding, and properties of ionic and molecular compounds.
  • Unit B: Matter as Gases– Students will explain molecular behavior of gases through gas laws, theories and mathematical relationships.
  • Unit C: Matter as Solutions, Acids, and Bases – Students are asked to investigate solutions, describing their physical and chemical properties, this will include describing acidic and basic solutions both qualitatively and quantitatively.
  • Unit D: Quantitative Relationships in Chemical Change– In many lab experiments, students will learn various lab skills, while being asked to balance chemical equations and indicate the quantitative relationship between reactants and products using stoichiometric analysis.

To be successful in Chemistry 20, a student should have a least 65% in Science 10, as well as very strong math skills at either the Pure Math 10 or Applied Math 10 level.

Physics 20                         5 credits

Energy is the science theme common to all units in Physics 20, with change, diversity, equilibrium, matter and systems also playing a role. Energy in its many forms causes change and determines the kind of change matter and systems undergo. The major concepts allow connections to be drawn among the four units of the course and among all eight units in the two courses in the program.

Physics 20 consists of four units of study:

  • Unit 1: Kinematics
    In this unit, students investigate changes in the position and velocity of objects and systems in one and two dimensions.
  • Unit 2: Dynamics
    In this unit, students investigate causes of change in the position and velocity of objects and systems in a study of dynamics and gravitation.
  • Unit 3: Circular Motion, Work and Energy
    In this unit, students extend their study of kinematics and dynamics to uniform circular motion and to mechanical energy and power.
  • Unit 4: Oscillatory Motion and Mechanical Waves
    In this unit, students investigate simple harmonic motion and mechanical waves.
To be successful in Physics 20 a student should have at least a 65% average in Pure Math 10 and Science 10.

Science 20 (5 credits)

(Prerequisite: Science 10) This is an Applied Science course that is recommended for a Career Preparation Credential. This course focuses on the how of science rather than the why. Science 20 uses examples from everyday experiences to examine concepts. The science topics include geology, biology, chemistry and physics.

Science 24                        5 credits

Science 14-24 is a course designed to make the study of science and technology more meaningful to students and more relevant to their everyday lives now and as citizens of the future. The two course sequence satisfies the science requirements for the General High School Diploma. Topics include.

  1. Body Systems   
  2. Disease
  3. Household Science
  4. Energy Consumption
  5. Investigating the Environment
  6. Materials We Use
  7. Understanding the Technology
  8. Safe Transportation

Biology 30                       5 credits

This is an academic course with a Diploma Final Exam worth 50% of the student’s grade.  The first part of the course continues the study of Anatomy and Physiology of the human body with development of the nervous, endocrine, and reproductive systems.  The second part of the course focuses on the biochemistry of human cells with the study of cellular knowledge leading to an understanding of protein synthesis, cellular reproduction, and genetics.  The final section of the course summarizes and applies the knowledge of genetics to populations and ecology.

Chemistry 30                             5 credits

This is an academic course with a Diploma Final Exam worth 50% of the student’s grade.  The themes of systems, energy, and change are central in Chemistry 30.  The components of a system influence each other by the transfer of energy and matter, changes to one part result in changes to other parts of a system.  In Chemistry 30, we explore the nature of organic compounds, electrochemical changes in reactions, thermochemical reactions and equilibrium in acid and base systems.

Many of the concepts learned in Chemistry 20 will be used and expanded upon in this course.  Chemistry 20 is a prerequisite for Chemistry 30.

Physics 30                         5 credits

The diversity of matter and energy are the predominant themes of the Physics 30 course. Physics 30 consists of four units:

  • Unit 1: Momentum and Impulse:
    In this unit, Newton’s second law of motion is linked to concepts of momentum and impulse.
  • Unit 2: Forces and Fields:
    In this unit, students investigate electric and magnetic forces and fields and their applications in technological devices.
  • Unit 3: Electromagnetic Radiation:
    In this unit, students study the nature and characteristics of electromagnetic radiation (EMR), using the wave and photon models of light.
  • Unit 4: Atomic Physics
    In this unit, students study the development and modification of models of the structure of matter.
Physics 20 is a prerequisite for Physics 30.  Pure Math 20 is also a suggested prerequisite.

Science 30 (5 credits)

(Prerequisite: Science 20 or another 20 level science course)
Major themes in this course are systems and energy. As a diploma exam course, this course provides non-science majors with a science course that is accepted by post-secondary institutions. Students are provided with a solid background in science literacy. Applied science is emphasized.

 

Biochemistry 30 (10 credits)

Biochemistry 30 combines Biology 30 and Chemistry 30 into a year long course. Units are alternated between the courses and students will write on Diploma exam in April and one in June.